Hypoallergenic pets are breeds of pet animals that are less likely to trigger allergic reactions in people.
Concerning allergy sufferers, a hypoallergenic pet would presumably enable them to have a pet in their home. Whereas most dogs, cats, rabbits, and other fur-bearing animals can cause an allergic reaction.
The proteins that cause allergies are found not only in the animals’ fur. It is also on hair, saliva, urine, mucous, hair roots, and dander sloughed from the animals’ skin. Thus, the general idea that “hypoallergenic pets” have less hair or shed less is a myth.
Some dog breeds have been promoted as hypoallergenic because they do not shed their hair also because they shed very little or have the same pH as human hair.
However, there is no canine to be completely non-allergenic. Yorkshire Terriers, Portuguese Water Dogs, Poodles, and Poodle hybrids are commonly mistaking for being hypoallergenic.
In reality, they are different forms of allergies, including bronchitis, as does any breed of dogs.
Hypoallergenic pets as Cat
Cat breeds such as the LaPerm, Sphynx, Peterbald, Devon Rex, and Cornish Rex, believe in causing mild allergies. They are less likely to provoke an allergic reaction to other breeds.
Siberian cats and Russian Blues are also considered by some to have such properties.
A company called Allerca recently claimed to be able to produce a so-called hypoallergenic cat using gene silencing.
It uses traditional breeding methods instead. It is starting with cats that naturally lack the gene that produces the glycoprotein. That causes an allergic reaction in some people.
No Studies Have Confirmed Hypoallergenic pets.
However, no peer-reviews studies have confirmed the company’s claims. Some scientists are skeptical of the company’s assertions. Allerca is currently accepting orders for hypoallergenic kittens. Another company, Felix Pets, also claims to be developing a breed of hypoallergenic cats.
There is only one hypoallergenic horse breed. The Bashkir Curly horse has a uniquely textured coat that lacks the protein. Present in all other horse fur believed to be the source of allergic reactions to equines.
A Hypoallergenic Dog Breed
A hypoallergenic dog breed is a dog breed that is purportedly more compatible with allergic people than are other kinds.
However, prominent allergen researchers have claimed that there is no basis for the claims. That certain breeds are hypoallergenic. While allergen levels vary among individual dogs, the kind is not a significant factor.
Though some studies suggest that hypoallergenic dog breeds exist, there is too much variability to conclude that such a race exists.
According to Researchers
According to researchers, the existence of hypoallergenic dog breeds is not back-up by evidence articles.
In a recent interview, Christine Cole Johnson, Senior Staff Scientist at the Henry Ford Hospital & Health System. Refer to the findings of her article in July 2011. The issue of the American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy. She explained that it was unclear where the name hypoallergenic dog breed came. That such a kind was just a myth.
The significant allergens are proteins found in the dog’s saliva and dander. Some studies have suggested that the allergen production, and therefore human allergenic reaction, varies by breed.
More Recent Scientific Findings
More recent scientific findings indicate that there are no significant differences between breeds in the generation of these allergens.
One study found hypoallergenic breeds to have significantly more allergen in their coats than non-hypoallergenic kinds. However, there were no differences in the allergen levels in the air or on the floor.
Breeds that shed less are more likely to be hypoallergenic. Because the dog’s dander and saliva do not stick to the hair, therefore it does not release into the environment.
However, protein expression levels play a significant role. And the amount of shedding alone does not determine the degree of an allergic reaction.
Even if you get a hairless dog, it’s still going to produce the allergen. ” Dr. Wanda Phipatanakul, chair of the Indoor Allergen Committee for the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology is quoted in the newsmagazine U.S. News & World Report as saying.”
How hypoallergenic dog is for a particular person may vary with the individual dog and the person.
If a person is allergic, they may be best able to tolerate a specific dog, possibly one of the hypoallergenic breeds.
Dr. Thomas A. Platts-Mills, head of the Asthma and Allergic Disease Center at the University of Virginia, explained.
There are cases in which a specific dog might be better to one particular person, for strange reasons.
“We think there are differences in protein production between dogs that may help one patient and not another,” Dr. Platts-Mills said.
All dogs shed, and produce dander and saliva in some degree. As noted above, the amount of the allergenic protein present on the dander and in saliva varies by breed.
Treatments such as bathing, it reduces the amount of allergen or eliminates in individual dogs. When not regularly bathed, even a dog who sheds very little or has little dander can trigger a sensitive person’s reaction.
Effect of size
Size may be a factor in determining hypoallergenic. The dog’s total body surface area may be more indicative of reduced production of allergens than its breed.
Smaller dogs will also leave fewer environmental pollutants containing dog dander—a dog allergens (reduced fecal matter, urine, and saliva).
Small hairless dogs may be less likely to cause allergic reactions. That is “because it’s easy to bathe them, and the dander falls off them.”
Dogs may leave behind urine, saliva, and fecal matter as allergen sources. Dogs with access to the outdoors may introduce outdoor allergens. Such as mold and pollen with larger animals tracking in more of these allergens.
It is essential to know that most individuals with dog allergies also suffer from additional environmental allergies.
Individuals with a dog allergy may also be at increased risk for human protein hypersensitivity.
The dog dander allergen and seminal human fluid can cross-reactivity.
Researchers have shown that frequently bathing dogs reduce the amount of allergen related protein on the fur.
Frequent cleaning and vacuuming of the home, using air filters, restricting the dog to individual rooms Helps. And adopting a small dog that can easily have regular baths are all recommended by the Humane Society of the United States to control allergens.
Many allergists suggest that a dog should not be in the environment of an allergic dog individual. While “allergy shots” can reduce many individuals’ dog-allergic reactions. The most common approach remains avoidance.
Recent studies suggest that the early introduction of pets to home may reduce the likelihood of becoming sensitive.
There are reports of individuals who will become less sensitive to a pet’s continued exposure in the environment. Allergists warn that pet owners cannot rely on a breed being non-allergenic just because a particular allergic pet owner can tolerate a specific dog of that breed.